Organic electrochemical transistors in bioelectronic circuits

Reem B. Rashid, Xudong Ji, Jonathan Rivnay*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) represents a versatile and impactful electronic building block in the areas of printed electronics, bioelectronics, and neuromorphic computing. Significant efforts in OECTs have focused on device physics, new active material design and synthesis, and on preliminary implementation of individual transistors as proof-of-concept components for sensing and computation. However, as most of the current studies are based on single devices, the integration of OECTs into circuits or high-level systems has lagged. In this review, we focus on recent efforts to incorporate individual OECTs into digital, analog, and neuromorphic circuits, and lay out important considerations relevant for (hybrid) systems integration. We summarize the operation principles and the functions of OECT-based circuits and discuss the approaches for wireless power and data transmission for practicality in biological and bio-inspired applications. Finally, we comment on the future directions and challenges facing OECT circuits from both a fundamental and applied perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113461
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
StatePublished - Oct 15 2021


  • Bioelectronics
  • Circuits
  • Devices
  • Organic electrochemical transistor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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