Organic matter in interplanetary dust particles

G. J. Flynn, L. P. Keller, S. Wirick, C. Jacobsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anhydrous interplanetary dust particles (IDPs), which are the most mineralogically primitive extraterrestrial materials available for laboratory analysis, contain several percent organic matter. The high O:C and N:C ratios suggest the organic matter in the anhydrous IDPs is significantly less altered by thermal processing than the organic matter in meteorites. X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy demonstrate the presence of C=C, most likely as C-rings, C=O, and aliphatic C-H2 and C-H3 in all the IDPs examined. A D-rich spot, containing material that is believed to have formed in a cold molecular cloud, has C-XANES and infrared spectra very similar to the organic matter in the anhydrous IDPs, possibly indicating a common formation mechanism. However the primitive organic matter in the IDPs differs from the interstellar/circumstellar organic matter characterized by astronomical infrared spectroscopy in the relative strengths of the asymmetric aliphatic C-H2 and C-H3 absorptions, with the IDP organic having a longer mean chain length. If both types of organic matter originated by the same process, this may indicate the interstellar organic matter has experienced more severe radiation processing than the organic matter in the primitive IDPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOrganic Matter in Space
Pages267-275
Number of pages9
EditionS251
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
NumberS251
Volume4
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221

Keywords

  • Astrobiology
  • Astrochemistry
  • Infrared: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Flynn, G. J., Keller, L. P., Wirick, S., & Jacobsen, C. (2008). Organic matter in interplanetary dust particles. In Organic Matter in Space (S251 ed., pp. 267-275). (Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. 4, No. S251). https://doi.org/10.1017/S174392130802173X