OSSE observations of GX 339-4

D. A. Grabelsky*, S. M. Matz, W. R. Purcell, M. P. Ulmer, J. E. Grove, W. N. Johnson, R. L. Kinzer, J. D. Kurfess, M. S. Strickman, G. V. Jung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory observed the Galactic black hole candidate GX 339-4 as a target of opportunity in 1991 September, in response to the outburst reported by BATSE. We report here on energy spectra in the 50 keV-10 MeV range obtained by OSSE. The source was detected from 50 to 400 keV at a level relative to the Crab Nebula of ∼30%. The observed spectrum was described reasonably well by a power law with an exponential cutoff; a least-squares fit yielded a photon index of 0.88 ± 0.05 and a cutoff energy of 68 ± 2 keV. The addition of a Compton reflection component did not significantly improve the overall fit. An optically thin thermal bremsstrahlung spectrum also provides a good fit, and the thermal Comptonization model of Sunyaev & Titarchuk, while deficient in describing the data above ∼200 keV, cannot formally be ruled out. A pure power law with reflection does not fit the observed spectrum. During a follow-up observation made in 1991 November, the intensity of the source below 100 keV had dropped by more than a factor of 40, and it was no longer detected above ∼100 keV. The energy spectrum during the November observation could be characterized by a power law with a photon index of 2.3 ± 0.3; the spectrum was fitted equally well with the same exponentially cutoff power-law model applied to the September observation, reduced in intensity by a factor of ∼40. During the 1991 September observation, the luminosity in the 50-400 keV band was approximately 2 × 1037 ergs s-1 (assuming a distance of 4 kpc), no more than a factor of 5 below the soft X-ray luminosity of GX 339-4 observed in its X-ray high state. The luminosity during the 1991 November observation was ∼5 × 1035 ergs s-1. Extrapolations of both the exponentially cutoff power-law and Sunyaev-Titarchuk models to the ∼5-20 keV X-ray band yield flux levels very close to that observed by Ginga during an overlapping interval in 1991 September, when GX 339-4 was reported to be in its low X-ray state. This may be one of the strongest indications to date of a direct correspondence between the low X-ray state and gamma-ray outbursts of GX 339-4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-805
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume441
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 1995

Keywords

  • Gamma rays: observations
  • Stars: individual (GX 339-4)
  • X-rays: binaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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