Despite the rapid discovery of genes for rare genetic disorders, we continue to encounter individuals presenting with hitherto unknown syndromic manifestations. Here, we have studied four affected people in three families presenting with cholestasis, congenital diarrhea, impaired hearing and bone fragility, a clinical entity we have termed O2HE (Osteo-Oto-Hepato-enteric) syndrome. Whole exome sequencing of all affected individuals and their parents identified biallelic mutations in Unc-45 Myosin Chaperone A (UNC45A), as a likely driver for this disorder. Subsequent in vitro and in vivo functional studies of the candidate gene indicated a loss of function paradigm, wherein mutations attenuated or abolished protein activity with concomitant defects in gut development and function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)