Ostwald ripening in concentrated alloys

H. A. Calderon*, P. W. Voorhees, J. L. Murray, G. Kostorz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations


The temporal power laws describing the coarsening process in a concentrated nonideal solid solution are derived. It is shown that the interfacial energy σ can be determined in such a system from measurements of the coarsening kinetics, if an isothermal stress-free two-phase mixture is assumed. In the derivation, a modified Gibbs-Thomson equation is used and the effects of nonideal solution thermodynamics and nonzero solubilities of solute in each phase on the flux conservation condition at the interface are taken into account. The resulting rate constant is then used to analyze the coarsening process of Ni3Al precipitates in a homogeneus NiAl matrix. A model for the solution thermodynamics of the matrix phase is used to compute the various thermodynamic factors and phase compositions necessary to evaluate the rate constant. The resulting value of σ is approximately an order of magnitude smaller than that derived on the basis of the assumptions used in the classical theory by Lifshitz and Slyozov, and Wagner. However, it is possible to extract only an approximate value of σ from the experimental data due to an unfortunately large uncertainty in the value of the interdiffusion coefficient present during the coarsening experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)991-1000
Number of pages10
JournalActa Metallurgica Et Materialia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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