Outcome at 4 to 5 years of age in children recovered from neonatal chronic lung disease

T. Michael O'Shea*, Donald J. Goldstein, Raye Ann DeRegnier, Christopher I. Sheaffer, Dia D. Roberts, Robert G. Dillard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Outcomes were compared for 31 very-low-birthweight children recovered from chronic lung disease and 31 very-low-birthweight controls. All children had been free of major abnormalities on neonatal cranial ultrasonography. At 4 to 5 years of age, children were examined by a pediatrician and tested by a psychologist who administered the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised. Despite similar medical outcomes, the children who had had neonatal chronic lung disease had lower Full-scale IQs (median 83 vs 87) and Performance IQs (79 vs 90). Median Verbal IQ was similar in the two groups (85 vs 87). A higher proportion of children who had had chronic lung disease had Full-scale IQ < 70 (8/31 [26%] vs 1/31 [3%]) and Performance IQ < 70 (8/31 [26%] vs 0/31). These effects persisted after adjustment for confounding factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-839
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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