Background. Recent reports advocate that a right ventricular to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit improves outcome after the stage I reconstruction. Methods. We retrospectively compared the outcomes of all neonates who underwent a stage I reconstruction between January 1, 2002, and October 1, 2004, with use of the RV-PA conduit and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS) interspersed over this time period. Results. In all, 149 infants underwent a stage I reconstruction (95 mBTS, 54 RV-PA) for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) or variants. There was a preference for the RV-PA conduit in patients with aortic atresia (mBTS 30% versus RV-PA 67%, p < 0.01). There was no difference in surgical mortality (mBTS 14% versus RV-PA 17%, p = 0.67), time to extubation (mBTS 4.5 ± 4.8 days versus RV-PA 3.9 ± 3.5 days, p = 0.47), or length of hospital stay (mBTS 25 ± 29 days versus RV-PA 21 ± 23 days, p = 0.52). There was an increased incidence of shunt reinterventions in the patients with the RV-PA conduit (mBTS 17% versus RV-PA 32%, p = 0.04). Patients with RV-PA conduit returned earlier for stage II reconstruction (mBTS 6.5 ± 2.5 months versus RV-PA 5.6 ± 1.7 months, p = 0.05). There was no difference in overall mortality (mBTS 32% versus RV-PA 30%, p = 0.45) with a median duration of follow-up of 18 ± 8 months. Conclusions. Comparing shunt strategies (mBTS versus RV-PA) over the same time period, we found no difference in outcome. These data support the need for a larger prospective, randomized trial.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine