Outcomes and patterns of failure for grade 2 meningioma treated with reduced-margin intensity modulated radiation therapy

Robert H. Press, Roshan S. Prabhu*, Christina L. Appin, Daniel J. Brat, Hui Kuo G Shu, Constantinos Hadjipanayis, Jeffrey J. Olson, Nelson M. Oyesiku, Walter J. Curran, Ian Crocker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate intracranial control and patterns of local recurrence (LR) for grade 2 meningiomas treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with limited total margin expansions of ≤1 cm. Methods and Materials We reviewed records of patients with a neuropathological diagnosis of grade 2 meningioma who underwent IMRT at our institution between 2002 and 2012. Actuarial rates were determined by the Kaplan-Meier method from the end of RT. LR was defined as in-field if ≥90% of the recurrence was within the prescription isodose, out-of-field (marginal) if ≥90% was outside of the prescription isodose, and both if neither criterion was met. Results Between 2002 and 2012, a total of 54 consecutive patients underwent IMRT for grade 2 meningioma. Eight of these patients had total initial margins >1 cm and were excluded, leaving 46 patients for analysis. The median imaging follow-up period was 26.2 months (range, 7-107 months). The median dose for fractionated IMRT was 59.4 Gy (range, 49.2-61.2 Gy). Median clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV), and total margin expansion were 0.5 cm, 0.3 cm, and 0.8 cm, respectively. LR occurred in 8 patients (17%), with 2-year and 3-year actuarial local control (LC) of 92% and 74%, respectively. Six of 8 patients (85%) had a known pattern of failure. Five patients (83%) had in-field LR; no patients had marginal LR; and 1 patient (17%) had both. Conclusions The use of IMRT to treat grade 2 meningiomas with total initial margins (CTV + PTV) ≤1 cm did not appear to compromise outcomes or increase marginal failures compared with other modern retrospective series. Of the 46 patients who had margins ≤1 cm, none experienced marginal failure only. These results demonstrate efficacy and low risk of marginal failure after IMRT treatment of grade 2 meningiomas with reduced margins, warranting study within a prospective clinical trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1004-1010
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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    Press, R. H., Prabhu, R. S., Appin, C. L., Brat, D. J., Shu, H. K. G., Hadjipanayis, C., Olson, J. J., Oyesiku, N. M., Curran, W. J., & Crocker, I. (2014). Outcomes and patterns of failure for grade 2 meningioma treated with reduced-margin intensity modulated radiation therapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, 88(5), 1004-1010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2013.12.037