Outcomes in Pediatric Thyroidectomy: Results From a Multinational, Multi-institutional Database

Matthew Maksimoski, Andrew J. Bauer, Ken Kazahaya, Scott C. Manning, Sanjay R. Parikh, Jeffrey P. Simons, Jill D’Souza, John Maddalozzo, Matthew R. Purkey, Karen Rychlik, Brian Ho, Michael J. Rutter, Wen Jiang, Jeremy D. Prager, Gillian Diercks, Evan J. Propst, R. Christopher Miyamoto, Brendan C. Stack, Gregory W. Randolph, Jeffrey C. Rastatter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: Traditionally, data regarding thyroidectomy were extracted from billing databases, but information may be missed. In this study, a multi-institutional pediatric thyroidectomy database was used to evaluate recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury and hypoparathyroidism. Study Design: Retrospective multi-institutional cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital systems throughout North America. Methods: Data were individually collected for thyroidectomies, then entered into a centralized database and analyzed using univariate and multivariable regression models. Results: In total, 1025 thyroidectomies from 10 institutions were included. Average age was 13.9 years, and 77.8% were female. Average hospital stay was 1.9 nights and 13.5% of patients spent at least 1 night in the pediatric intensive care unit. The most frequent pathology was papillary thyroid carcinoma (42%), followed by Graves’ disease (20.1%) and follicular adenoma (18.2%). Overall, 1.1% of patients experienced RLN injury (0.8% permanent), and 7.2% experienced hypoparathyroidism (3.3% permanent). Lower institutional volume (odds ratio [OR], 3.57; 95% CI, 1.72-7.14) and concurrent hypoparathyroidism (OR, 3.51; 95% CI, 1.64-7.53) correlated with RLN injury on multivariable analysis. Graves’ disease (OR, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.35-3.80), Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 2.39-9.09), central neck dissection (OR, 3.60; 95% CI, 2.36-5.49), and total vs partial thyroidectomy (OR, 7.14; 95% CI, 4.55-11.11) correlated with hypoparathyroidism. Conclusion: These data present thyroidectomy information and complications pertinent to surgeons, along with preoperative risk factor assessment. Multivariable analysis showed institutional volume and hypoparathyroidism associated with RLN injury, while hypoparathyroidism associated with surgical indication, central neck dissection, and extent of surgery. Low complication rates support the safety of thyroidectomy in pediatric tertiary care centers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-876
Number of pages8
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • big data
  • evidence-based medicine
  • hypoparathyroidism
  • outcomes research
  • patient safety
  • recurrent laryngeal nerve injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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