Outcomes of 5-year survivors of pediatric liver transplantation: Report on 461 children from a north american multicenter registry

Vicky Lee Ng, Annie Fecteau, Ross Shepherd, John Magee, John Bucuvalas, Estella Alonso, Suzanne McDiarmid, Geoff Cohen, Ravinder Anand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES. Although liver transplantation has been the standard of care therapy for life-threatening liver diseases for >20 years, data on the long-term impact of liver transplantation in children have been primarily limited to single-center experiences. The objective of this study was to characterize and evaluate the clinical course of children who have survived ≥5 years after pediatric liver transplantation in multiple centers across North America. PATIENTS AND METHODS. Patients enrolled in the Studies of Pediatric Liver Transplantation database registry who had undergone liver transplantation at 1 of 45 pediatric centers between 1996 and 2001 and survived >5 years from liver transplantation were identified and their clinical courses retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS. The first graft survival for 461 five-year survivors was 88%, with 55 (12%) and 10 (2%) children undergoing a second and third liver transplantation. At the 5-year anniversary clinic visit, liver function was preserved in the majority with daily use of immunosuppression therapy, including a calcineurin inhibitor and oral prednisone, reported by 97% and 25% of children, respectively. The probability of an episode of acute cellular rejection occurring within 5 years after liver transplantation was 60%. Chronic rejection occurred in 5% patients. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease was diagnosed in 6% children. Calculated glomerular filtration rate was <90 mL/minute per 1.73 m 2 in 13% of 5-year survivors. Age-and gender-adjusted BMI >95th percentile was noted in 12%, with height below the 10th percentile in 29%. CONCLUSIONS. Children who are 5-year survivors of liver transplantation have good graft function, but chronic medical conditions and posttransplantation complications affect extrahepatic organs. A comprehensive approach to the management of these patients' multiple unique needs requires the expertise and commitment of health care providers both beyond and within transplant centers to further optimize long-term outcomes for pediatric liver transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1128-e1135
JournalPediatrics
Volume122
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Liver transplantation
  • Long-term outcome
  • Renal function
  • School performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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