Outcomes of antireflux therapy for the treatment of chronic laryngitis

David G. Hanson*, Perry L. Kamel, Peter J. Kahrilas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined outcomes of antireflux and antacid treatment for the signs and symptoms of chronic laryngitis. Patients from a referral institutional practice with chronic laryngitis symptoms, without other apparent causes of laryngeal inflammation, were followed up and examined at progressive stages of antireflux treatment as a case series outcome study. The cases included unselected individuals with a diagnosis of chronic (>3 months' duration) laryngitis. Patients with chronic throat complaints were treated with nocturnal antireflux precautions, with addition of famotidine 20 mg or omeprazole 20 mg at bedtime for patients who did not respond to antireflux precautions alone. The outcome measures were resolution of symptoms, and change in findings on telescopic laryngoscopy. Chronic throat symptoms of 93 of 182 patients (51%) responded to nocturnal antireflux precautions alone. The complaints of an additional 48 patients resolved with the addition of famotidine 20 mg at bedtime to antireflux precautions (77% response). The symptoms of 34 of the remaining 41 patients responded to treatment with omeprazole 20 mg at bedtime. Therefore, symptoms of 96% of patients responded to treatment aimed at preventing reflux of gastric acid. The remaining patients with refractory symptoms had a partial response or no response or chose fundoplication. Erythema and granular mucositis were the most common laryngoscopic findings. Ulceration and granuloma formation were less common, but also responded to antireflux treatment. Some (7) patients required high doses of omeprazole or fundoplication to achieve symptomatic relief and healing of chronic inflammatory changes of the posterior larynx. Relapse of symptoms was common when treatment was stopped. This experience provides supportive evidence for a hypothesis that gastropharyngeal acid reflux is the underlying cause of posterior chronic laryngitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-555
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
Volume104
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

Keywords

  • chronic laryngitis
  • omeprazole
  • posterior laryngitis
  • telescopic videolaryngoscopy
  • vocal process granuloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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