Outcomes of Patients with Transformed Mycosis Fungoides: Analysis from a Prospective Multicenter US Cohort Study

Frederick Lansigan, Steven M. Horwitz, Lauren C. Pinter-Brown, Kenneth R. Carson, Andrei R. Shustov, Steven T. Rosen, Barbara Pro, Eric D. Hsi, Massimo Federico, Christian Gisselbrecht, Marc Schwartz, Lisa A. Bellm, Mark Acosta, Francine M. Foss*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: We examined patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of patients with transformed mycosis fungoides (tMF) from COMPLETE: a large, multicenter, prospective cohort study of peripheral T-cell lymphoma patients in the United States. Methods: Patients with tMF were enrolled in COMPLETE at the time of transformation. For this analysis, we identified patients with tMF with completed baseline, treatment, and follow-up records. Median survival was assessed using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Results: Of the 499 patients enrolled in COMPLETE, 17 had tMF. Median age was 61; 53% were male, 9 had elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and 9 had lymph node involvement. Approximately one-quarter of the patients were African American and 47% had CD30+ disease. Median time to transformation was 53 months. All patients received systemic therapy, with 19% receiving concomitant radiotherapy. Most patients (87%) received single agents, including liposomal doxorubicin, pralatrexate, and gemcitabine. Eight patients (50%) had reported responses to therapy. Median survival was 18 months. One- and 2-year survival rates were 56% and 44%, respectively. Conclusions: tMF often expresses CD30 and presents with lymph node involvement. Responses have been seen with single agents, but survival remains poor. Novel treatment approaches are urgently needed to improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)744-748
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • COMPLETE registry
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas
  • Large-cell transformation
  • Overall survival,
  • Progression-free survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of Patients with Transformed Mycosis Fungoides: Analysis from a Prospective Multicenter US Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this