The efficacy of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in severely obese patients is uncertain as volume of distribution is related to weight, and few such patients were enrolled in the pivotal trials. As the month after direct-current cardioversion (DCCV) for atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter is a high-risk period for stroke, we sought to evaluate the safety of performing DCCV in obese patients on NOAC. All patients who underwent DCCV after ≥3 weeks of NOAC or therapeutic warfarin treatment without a previous transesophageal echocardiogram over a 3-year period at a single center were included. Obesity groups were defined as normal (body mass index [BMI] < 25), overweight (BMI 25 to <30), class 1 obesity (BMI 30 to <35), class 2 obesity (BMI 35 to <40), and class 3 or severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40). The primary end point was stroke at 30 days. Of 761 patients, 73 were severely obese, 78 class 2 obese, 197 class 1 obese, 254 overweight, and 159 in the normal weight group. Average age 66.4 ± 10.3 years and 32.5% women. Mean CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc score was 2.6 ± 1.6, and 78.9% were on NOACs with no differences in groups. There were no strokes in the severely obese group, and 1 each in class 2 obesity and normal weight (p = 0.3). In conclusion, there was a low rate of stroke in all weight classes after DCCV in patients taking NOACs and warfarin. NOAC use in severely obese patients who underwent DCCV appears safe even in the absence of transesophageal echocardiogram.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine