Ovarian cancer in endometriosis: An update on the clinical and molecular aspects

Rachel Ruderman, Mary Ellen Pavone*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

While endometriosis is a benign condition, the presence of endometriosis has been associated with the development of several types of cancers, including ovarian. Endometriomas, or ovarian endometriotic cysts, are found in 17-44% of patients with endometriosis, and may be a common precursor lesions to ovarian cancer. Endometriosis associated ovarian cancer is especially prominent in endometrioid and clear cell ovarian tumor histological subtypes. Several common pathways linking endometriosis and ovarian cancer have been elucidated, including the dominance of certain cytokines, oxidative stress, and a hyper-estrogenic hormonal milieu, which propagate both endometriosis and endometriosis associated ovarian cancer. Additionally, genetic mutations including PTEN, PIK3CA, ARID1A, Wnt/β-catenin, microsatellite instability, Src, and KRAS have been shown to be critical in the pathogenesis of endometriosis associated ovarian cancers. Research continues to develop and provide insights into various prevention, screening, and treatment modalities. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of our current knowledge on this topic in both a clinical and molecular context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-294
Number of pages9
JournalMinerva Ginecologica
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • Mutation
  • Ovarian neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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