Overexpression of miR-125b, a novel regulator of innate immunity, in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps

Xin Hao Zhang, Ya Na Zhang, Hua Bin Li, Chun Yan Hu, Nan Wang, Ping Ping Cao, Bo Liao, Xiang Lu, Yong Hua Cui, Zheng Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) represents a hard-to-treat subtype of CRS. Objectives: To determine the pattern of expression and biologic role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in CRS, particularly in eosinophilic CRSwNP. Methods: Global miRNA expressionin sinonasal mucosa from controls, CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), and patients with eosinophilic CRSwNP was compared using miRNA microarrays. MiR-125b expression was detected by means of quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The cellular localization of miR-125b was determined by in situ hybridization. MiR-125b functional assays were performed on airway epithelial cells and mice. MiR-125b expression regulation was studied by tissue and cell culture. Measurements and Main Results: CRSsNP and eosinophilic CRSwNP exhibited distinct miRNA expression profiles. MiR-125b was specifically up-regulated in eosinophilic CRSwNP. MiR-125b was mainly expressed by sinonasal and bronchial epithelial cells. EIF4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) was identified as a direct target of miR-125b. MiR-125b mimic or inhibitor enhanced or decreased IFN-α/β production elicited by dsRNA in vitro or in vivo, respectively. 4E-BP1 expression was decreased, whereas IFN regulatory factor-7 and IFN-β expression was increased, in eosinophilic CRSwNP. IFN-β mRNA levels positively correlated with IL-5 mRNA levels and eosinophil infiltration in sinonasal mucosa. IFN-β stimulated B cell-activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family production in airway epithelial cells. miR-125b could be induced by lipopolysaccharide, dsRNA, and IL-10. Conclusions: The up-regulated expression of miR-125b may enhance type I IFN expression through suppressing 4E-BP1 protein expression in airway epithelial cells, which potentially contributes to mucosal eosinophilia in eosinophilic CRSwNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Antivirus
  • Epithelial cell
  • Regulation
  • eIF4E-binding protein 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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