Alteration of the phenotype of breast cancers from estrogen-dependent to estrogen-independent growth often leads to the failure of antiestrogenic tumor therapies. We report that overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by estrogen-dependent MCF-7 breast cancer cells could abolish estrogen-dependent tumor growth in ovariectomized mice. In the absence of estrogen, MCF-7 VEGF-expressing tumors with increased vessel density showed growth kinetics similar to, or even greater than, that of parental MCF-7 tumors with estrogen supplementation. Overexpression of VEGF by MCF-7 cells or treatment on parental MCF-7 cells with recombinant VEGF also stimulated cell proliferation in culture. Our data suggest that VEGF stimulation of MCF-7 tumor angiogenesis and growth is mediated by both autocrine and paracrine mechanisms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research