Overt testicular disease at diagnosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Lack of the therapeutic role of local irradiation

Nobuko Hijiya*, W. Liu, I. T. Sandlund, S. Jeha, B. I. Razzouk, R. C. Ribeiro, J. E. Rubnitz, S. C. Howard, E. P. Kyzer, D. S. Redd, C. Cheng, G. K. Rivera, M. M. Hudson, M. V. Relling, C. H. Pui

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess the prognosis of overt testicular disease at diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and any therapeutic role of irradiation for this involvement, we reviewed the data of 811 boys treated on St Jude studies Total X-XI (early period) and Total XII-XIV (recent period). In all, 19 boys (2.3%) had testicular disease at diagnosis. In the early period, patients with testicular leukemia had a poorer overall survival (OS) (P=0.003), event-free survival (EFS) (P=0.064), and higher cumulative incidence of relapse (P=0.041) than did other patients. During the recent period, patients with and without overt testicular leukemia did not differ in OS (P=0.257), EFS (P=0.102), or cumulative incidence of relapse (P=0.51). In a multivariate analysis, OS was lower for patients with testicular disease than for those without the involvement in the early period (P=0.047) but not in the recent one (P=0.75). Both patients who received irradiation for residual testicular disease at the end of induction subsequently died of leukemia. Of the other 17 patients who did not receive irradiation, only one developed testicular relapse in combination with bone marrow relapse. In conclusion, the prognostic impact of overt testicular disease has diminished. Irradiation appears to provide no survival advantage to this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1399-1403
Number of pages5
JournalLeukemia
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Gonadal function
  • High-dose methotrexate
  • Pediatrics
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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