Overview of emerging pharmacologic agents for acute heart failure syndromes

Leonardo De Luca, Alexandre Mebazaa, Gerasimos Filippatos*, John T. Parissis, Michael Böhm, Adriaan A. Voors, Markku Nieminen, Faiez Zannad, Andrew Rhodes, Ali El-Banayosy, Kenneth Dickstein, Mihai Gheorghiade

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Background: Several therapies commonly used for the treatment of acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) present some well-known limitations and have been associated with an early increase in the risk of death. There is, therefore, an unmet need for new pharmacologic agents for the early management of AHFS that may improve both short- and long-term outcomes. Aim: To review the recent evidence on emerging pharmacologic therapies in AHFS. Methods: A systematic search of peer-reviewed publications was performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE and Clinical Trials.gov from January 1990 to August 2007. The results of unpublished or ongoing trials were obtained from presentations at national and international meetings and pharmaceutical industry releases. Bibliographies from these references were also reviewed, as were additional articles identified by content experts. Results: Cumulative data from large studies and randomised trials suggest that therapies with innovative mechanisms of action may safely and effectively reduce pulmonary congestion or improve cardiac performance in AHFS patients. Conclusion: Some investigational agents for the management of AHFS are able to improve haemodynamics and/or clinical status. In spite of these promising findings, no new agent has demonstrated a clear benefit in terms of long-term clinical outcomes compared to placebo or conventional therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-213
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2008


  • Acute heart failure
  • New medical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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