Overview of meta-analyses of the prevention of mental health, substance use, and conduct problems

Irwin Sandler*, Sharlene A. Wolchi, Gracelyn Cruden, Nicole E. Mahrer, Soyeon Ahn, Ahnalee Brincks, C. Hendricks Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review presents findings from an overview of meta-analyses of the effects of prevention and promotion programs to prevent mental health, substance use, and conduct problems. The review of 48 meta-analyses found small but significant changes that reduce depression, anxiety, antisocial behavior, and substance use. Furthermore, the results were sustained over time. Meta-analyses often found that the effects were heterogeneous. A conceptual model is proposed to guide the study of moderators of program effects in future meta-analyses, and methodological issues in synthesizing findings across preventive interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-273
Number of pages31
JournalAnnual Review of Clinical Psychology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • Meta-analysis
  • Prevention
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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