Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability of childhood. Children with CP have multiple sensorimotor deficits that impact development and daily function. These deficits can be identified and measured as well as modified with new neural rehabilitation techniques and therapies. This article reviews the primary and secondary deficits of this motor disorder utilizing definitions from the National Institutes of Health Taskforce on Childhood Motor Disorders. In addition, a combination of co-morbidities may alter or affect the ultimate outcome for the child with CP including cognition, epilepsy, behavioral, and sensory deficits. Strengthening, decreasing spasticity, and improving range of motion can be accomplished with robotic training and are core therapeutic goals in the management of children with CP. The use of technology provides a motivating, stimulating play environment that captures the child's interest and enhances motor learning through repetitive practice.
- cerebral palsy
- muscle spasticity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Neurology