Hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome proliferators, clofibrate, profibrate, Wy-14643 or di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, were administered once daily by gavage to groups of three male F344 rats for 3 days and the rats were killed 2 h after the last dose. The DNA isolated from the livers was analyzed for possible carcinogen-DNA adducts, by a most sensitive 32P-postlabeling technique which can detect one adduct in 1010 nucleotides. No adducts were detected by this assay in the DNA isolated from the livers of rats treated with any of the peroxisome proliferators. Adducts were also not found in the DNA of hepatocytes exposed in vitro to these peroxisome proliferators for 4 h in primary suspension cultures. Failure to detect peroxisome proliferator DNA adducts in hepatocytes under in vivo and in vitro conditions supports the contention that formation of a peroxisome proliferator-DNA adduct is not an essential step in the carcinogenesis by this novel class of carcinogens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research