p53 expression and MYC extra copies (MYC-EC) have been reported to serve as independent adverse prognostic markers in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, the impact of p53 expression in MYC-EC lymphomas has not been delineated. Conversely, CD99 expression has been shown to have a positive impact on survival in patients with germinal center–type DLBCL, yet nothing is reported about the impact of CD99 expression and MYC status. This is the first study to evaluate p53 expression in MYC-EC lymphomas and CD99 expression in relation to MYC status. We identified 122 patients diagnosed as having large B-cell lymphoma (44, MYC-negative; 29, MYC-EC; 23, MYC rearrangement; 22, MYC and BCL2 rearrangements; 4, MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 rearrangements). p53 expression significantly correlated with DLBCL with abnormal MYC status (MYC-EC, MYC rearrangement, and MYC overexpression), but adverse p53 prognostic effect was only seen with MYC-rearranged lymphoma. CD99 expression was significantly associated with MYC-negative DLBCL and had better prognostic impact on lymphoma-specific survival (LSS), but not on relapse-free survival and overall survival. Overall, patients with MYC-EC lymphoma had significantly worse relapse-free survival and LSS than did patients with MYC-negative lymphoma, yet better overall survival and LSS than did the patients with MYC-rearranged lymphoma. Thus, patients with MYC-EC lymphomas had prognostic features that were intermediate between MYC-negative and MYC-rearranged lymphomas. Lastly, high-intensity chemotherapy (either dose-adjusted rituximab and etoposide-prednisone-vincristine-cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin or rituximab and hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide-vincristine-doxorubicin-dexamethasone treatment) did not improve survival in patients with MYC-EC and MYC-rearranged lymphoma when compared with rituximab-cyclophosphamide-hydroxydaunomycin-vincristine-prednisone therapy.
- Large B-cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine