Pain Medicine Milestones 2.0: A step into the future

Anuj Aggarwal*, Meredith Barad, Diane W. Braza, Anne Marie McKenzie-Brown, Debbie Lee, Robert Samuel Mayer, Rene Przkora, Lynn Kohan, Anjali Koka, Alexandra Szabova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To describe the process of revising the Pain Medicine Milestones 1.0 and implementing changes into the Pain Medicine Milestones 2.0 along with implications for pain medicine trainees. Background: Competency-based medical education has been implemented in graduate medical education, including pain medicine. Milestones 1.0, introduced by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), has been used to assess learners in six competencies and respective sub-competencies. Recognizing areas for improvement in Milestones 1.0, the ACGME initiated the process of Milestones 2.0 and a working group was created to execute this task for pain medicine. The working group discussed revisions; consensus was sought when changes were introduced. Final milestones were agreed upon and made available for public comment prior to publication. Results: Redundant sub-competencies were either merged or eliminated, reducing the number of sub-competencies. A maximum of three rows representing skill, knowledge, behavior and attitude were included for each sub-competency. Harmonized Milestones, aligning with other specialties in a predetermined ACGME framework, were adopted and modified to meet the needs of pain medicine. A supplemental guide was developed to assist educators in implementation of Milestones 2.0 and assessment of trainees. Conclusions: The intent of the Milestones 2.0 was to create an improved tool that is comprehensive, easier to utilize, and of increased value for pain medicine training programs. It is expected that implementation of Milestones 2.0 will streamline pain medicine trainee assessments by educators and prepare trainees for the future practice of pain medicine while serving to be the foundation of an iterative process to match the evolution of the specialty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-757
Number of pages8
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023


  • competency-based medical education
  • milestones
  • pain medicine
  • revision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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