Pairing Fluctuation Corrections to the Kinetic Theory of Liquid 3He

Wei Ting Lin, J. A. Sauls*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Liquid 3He is a Fermi liquid that undergoes a BCS-type phase transition to a spin-triplet superfluid, making it valuable for understanding interacting fermions. When the temperature approaches the transition temperature Tc from above, physical properties can be modified by Cooper pair fluctuations, leading to deviations from the predictions of Fermi liquid theory. We use nonequilibrium Green’s function theory to study the role of pair fluctuations on quasiparticle transport. The Boltzmann–Landau kinetic equation, which describes the transport properties of Fermi liquids, acquires corrections from the interaction of quasiparticles with pair fluctuations. As an application, we study the effects of pair fluctuations on the propagation of zero sound in liquid 3He. We calculate the temperature-dependent correction to the zero sound velocity due to pair fluctuations and compare the result with existing experimental data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • Cooper pairs
  • Fermi liquid
  • Liquid He
  • Pair fluctuations
  • Quantum fluid
  • Superfluidity
  • Zero sound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Pairing Fluctuation Corrections to the Kinetic Theory of Liquid 3He'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this