Background and Objectives: The thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura-hemolytic uremic syndromes (TTP-HUS) have diverse etiologies, clinical manifestations, and risk factors, but the events that may trigger acute episodes are often unclear. We describe the occurrence of TTP-HUS following pancreatitis and consider whether pancreatitis may be a triggering event for acute episodes of TTP-HUS. Design and Methods: We report on three patients from the Oklahoma Registry and two patients from Northwestern University who had an acute episode of TTP-HUS following pancreatitis. A systematic review of published case reports was performed to identify additional patients who had TTP-HUS following pancreatitis. Results: In each of our five patients there was an apparent etiology of alcoholism or common bile duct obstruction for the pancreatitis and no evidence of TTP-HUS when the pancreatitis was diagnosed. Two patients had severe ADAMTS13 deficiency with an inhibitor; in one of these patients TTP-HUS recurred following a subsequent recurrent episode of pancreatitis. The systematic review identified 16 additional patients who had TTP-HUS following pancreatitis; recurrent TTP-HUS occurred in three of these patients following a subsequent episode of recurrent pancreatitis. In all 21 patients, the interval between the diagnosis of pancreatitis and TTP-HUS was short (1-13 days; median, 3 days). The three Oklahoma patients represent approximately 1% of the 356 patients in the Registry. Interpretation and Conclusions: These observations suggest that in some patients pancreatitis, a disorder that results in an intense systemic inflammatory response, may be a triggering event for acute episodes of TTP-HUS.
- TTR hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
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