PAR1 Scaffolds TGFβRII to Downregulate TGF-β Signaling and Activate ESC Differentiation to Endothelial Cells

Haixia Gong, Shejuan An, Antonia Sassmann, Menglin Liu, Victoria Mastej, Manish Mittal, Wei Zhang, Zhigang Hong, Stefan Offermanns, Jalees Rehman, Asrar B. Malik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the function of the G-protein-coupled receptor PAR1 in mediating the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to endothelial cells (ECs) that are capable of inducing neovascularization. We observed that either deletion or activation of PAR1 suppressed mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) differentiation to ECs and neovascularization in mice. This was mediated by induction of TGFβRII/TGFβRI interaction, forming an active complex, which in turn induced SMAD2 phosphorylation. Inhibition of TGF-β signaling in PAR1-deficient mESCs restored the EC differentiation potential of mESCs. Thus, PAR1 in its inactive unligated state functions as a scaffold for TGFβRII to downregulate TGF-β signaling, and thereby promote ESC transition to functional ECs. The PAR1 scaffold function in ESCs is an essential mechanism for dampening TGF-β signaling and regulating ESC differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1050-1058
Number of pages9
JournalStem cell reports
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2016

Keywords

  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Endothelial cells
  • G-protein-coupled receptor
  • GPCR
  • PAR1
  • TGF-β signaling
  • cell differentiation
  • scaffolding protein
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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