We examine analytically equilibrium conformations of elastic chains of paramagnetic beads in the presence of a precessing magnetic field. Conformations of these filaments are determined by minimizing their total energy, given in the harmonic approximation by the sum of the bending energy, quadratic in its curvature, and the magnetic dipolar interaction energy, quadratic in the projection of the vector tangent to the filament onto the precession axis. In particular, we analyze two families of open filaments with their ends aligned along the precession axis and described by segments of planar curves and helices. These configurations are characterized in terms of two parameters encoding their features such as their length, separation between their ends, as well as their bending and magnetic moduli, the latter being proportional to the magnitude and precession angle of the magnetic field. Based on energetic arguments, we present the set of parameter values for which each of these families of curves is probable to occur.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)