Parameter calibration for high-porosity sandstones deformed in the compaction banding regime

F. Marinelli, G. Buscarnera*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the parameter calibration procedure for an elastoplastic constitutive model for high-porosity rocks. The model selected for the study is formulated in the frame of the critical state theory, which is here used in a form able to accommodate non-associated plastic flow and softening effects due to volumetric and deviatoric plastic strains. The goal of this study is to generate a set of model constants able to capture both the stress-strain response and the compaction localization characteristics (e.g., stress and inclination at the onset of the deformation bands). For this purpose, data about the compaction localization properties of four extensively characterized sandstones have been considered. In particular, the strain localization theory has been used as a calibration tool, using explicitly information about the pressure-dependence of the localization mechanisms observed in experiments. The model constants have been defined by matching the constitutive response upon hydrostatic compression, as well as the stresses at the transition from high-angle shear bands to pure compaction bands, and from compaction bands to homogeneous cataclastic flow. It is shown that such procedure generates a set of model constants able to capture satisfactorily both the rheological response upon triaxial compression and the salient features of the compaction localization process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-252
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
StatePublished - 2015


  • Compaction bands
  • Elasto-plasticity
  • High-porosity rocks
  • Strain localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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