Paramyxovirus fusion protein: Characterization of the core trimer, a rod-shaped complex with helices in anti-parallel orientation

Rebecca Ellis Dutch, George P. Leser, Robert A. Lamb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fusion (F) protein of the paramyxovirus SV5 contains two heptad repeat regions, HRA adjacent to the fusion peptide and HRB proximal to the transmembrane domain. Peptides, N-1 and C-1, respectively, corresponding to these heptad repeat regions form a thermostable, α-helical trimer of heterodimers (S. B. Joshi, R. E. Dutch, and R. A. Lamb (1998), Virology 248, 20-34). Further characterization of the N-1/C-1 complex indicated that the C- 1 peptides, which are predicted to residue on the outside of the complex, are resistant to digestion by several proteases when present in the complex. Only proteinase K digested most of the C-1 peptide, though the small remaining protease protected fragment of C-1 confers extreme thermostability on the proteinase-K-resistant N-1 trimeric coiled-coil. Carboxypeptidase Y digestion of the N-1/C-1 complex indicates that the C-1 peptides associate in an antiparallel orientation relative to the N-1 peptides. Electron microscopy of the N-1/C-1 complex showed a rod-shaped complex with an average length of 9.7 nm, consistent with all of N-1 existing as an α helix. Mutations at heptad repeat a and d residues of N-1, positions that are predicted to point inward to the center of the N-1 trimeric coiled-coil, were found to have varying effects as-analyzed by circular dichroism measurements. The mutation I137M did not affect the helical structure of the isolated N-1 peptide but did affect the thermostability of the N-1/C-1 complex. Mutations L140M and L161M perturbed the helical structure formed by N-1 in isolation but did not affect formation of a thermostable N-1/C-1 complex. Finally, a peptide, SV5 F 255-293, corresponding to a proposed leucine zipper region, was analyzed for effects on N-1, C-1, or the N-1/C-1 complex. Circular dichroism analysis demonstrated that while the presence of peptide 255-293 increased the helical signal from either N-1 or the N-1/C-1 complex, no change in thermostability was observed, indicating that this region is not a component of the final, most stable core of the F protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-159
Number of pages13
JournalVirology
Volume254
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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