Parent-based interventions to improve multiple lifestyle risk behaviors among adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Katrina E. Champion*, Lauren A. Gardner, Karrah McCann, Emily Hunter, Belinda Parmenter, Tess Aitken, Cath Chapman, Bonnie Spring, Louise Thornton, Tim Slade, Maree Teesson, Nicola C. Newton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Lifestyle risk behaviors often co-occur and are prevalent among adolescents. Parent-based interventions addressing risk behaviors concurrently have the potential to improve youth and parent outcomes. This systematic review evaluated the efficacy of parent-based interventions targeting multiple lifestyle risk behaviors among adolescents and parents. MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), PsycInfo (Ovid), Scopus, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched from 2010-May 2021. Eligible studies were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of parent-based interventions addressing 2+ risk behaviors: alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor sleep. Studies directly targeting parents, and that assessed adolescent outcomes (11–18 years) were eligible. Where possible, random-effects meta-analysis was conducted. From 11,975 identified records, 46 publications of 36 RCTs (n = 28,322 youth, n = 7385 parents) were eligible. Parent-based interventions were associated with improved adolescent moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) [Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.18, 2.81; p = 0.007], and reduced screen time (SMD = −0.39, 95% CI = -0.62, −0.16, p = 0.0009) and discretionary food intake (SMD = -0.18; 95% CI = −0.30, −0.06; p = 0.002) compared to controls. However, there was some evidence that interventions increased the odds of ever using tobacco in the medium-term (OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 0.99, 2.18, p = 0.06) and of past month tobacco use in the long-term (OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.12, 1.90; p = 0.005). Overall, the quality of evidence was moderate. Parent-based interventions targeting multiple risk behaviors improved adolescent MVPA, and reduced screen time discretionary food intake. Further research is needed to address sleep problems and increase intervention efficacy, particularly for alcohol and tobacco use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107247
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Parents
  • Prevention
  • Risk behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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