Parental attitudes toward research participation in pediatric sickle cell disease

Robert I Liem, Allison H. Cole, Stephanie A. Pelligra, Maryann Mason, Alexis A Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Socio-cultural attitudes and perceptions are commonly cited barriers to the recruitment of African-Americans for medical research, yet no studies have examined the factors influencing research participation among individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) or caregivers of children with SCD. Procedure. We distributed a 32-item, self-administered survey to parents or legal guardians of children with SCD over a 6-month period. We used Pearson's chi-square to determine factors associated with a favorable attitude toward research participation and logistic regression to determine independent associations. Results. We collected 151 surveys in this pilot study. In general, 86% of respondents believed more research needed to be done for SCD and 57% would allow their child to participate in a medical research study, corresponding to a favorable attitude. Respondent belief that more research needed to be done for SCD (OR 23.4, 95% CI 4.5-121.9, P=0.001), perception of greater severity of their own child's SCD (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.0-7.1, P=0.041) and prior exposure to research (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.0-10.3, P=0.043) were significantly associated with a favorable attitude, although only the first two remained independent associations in our regression model. Attitude toward research participation was not affected by respondent country of birth. Conclusions. Parents of children with SCD who allow participation in medical research are likely to believe that more research is needed in SCD and that their child's SCD is moderate to severe. Developing effective tools, based on identified knowledge gaps related to clinical research, may improve research participation in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2010

Fingerprint

Sickle Cell Anemia
Pediatrics
Research
Biomedical Research
Legal Guardians
Parents
African Americans
Caregivers
Logistic Models
Surveys and Questionnaires
Parturition

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Research participation
  • Sickle cell disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Parental attitudes toward research participation in pediatric sickle cell disease",
abstract = "Background. Socio-cultural attitudes and perceptions are commonly cited barriers to the recruitment of African-Americans for medical research, yet no studies have examined the factors influencing research participation among individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) or caregivers of children with SCD. Procedure. We distributed a 32-item, self-administered survey to parents or legal guardians of children with SCD over a 6-month period. We used Pearson's chi-square to determine factors associated with a favorable attitude toward research participation and logistic regression to determine independent associations. Results. We collected 151 surveys in this pilot study. In general, 86{\%} of respondents believed more research needed to be done for SCD and 57{\%} would allow their child to participate in a medical research study, corresponding to a favorable attitude. Respondent belief that more research needed to be done for SCD (OR 23.4, 95{\%} CI 4.5-121.9, P=0.001), perception of greater severity of their own child's SCD (OR 2.7, 95{\%} CI 1.0-7.1, P=0.041) and prior exposure to research (OR 3.2, 95{\%} CI 1.0-10.3, P=0.043) were significantly associated with a favorable attitude, although only the first two remained independent associations in our regression model. Attitude toward research participation was not affected by respondent country of birth. Conclusions. Parents of children with SCD who allow participation in medical research are likely to believe that more research is needed in SCD and that their child's SCD is moderate to severe. Developing effective tools, based on identified knowledge gaps related to clinical research, may improve research participation in this population.",
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Parental attitudes toward research participation in pediatric sickle cell disease. / Liem, Robert I; Cole, Allison H.; Pelligra, Stephanie A.; Mason, Maryann; Thompson, Alexis A.

In: Pediatric Blood and Cancer, Vol. 55, No. 1, 15.07.2010, p. 129-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental attitudes toward research participation in pediatric sickle cell disease

AU - Liem, Robert I

AU - Cole, Allison H.

AU - Pelligra, Stephanie A.

AU - Mason, Maryann

AU - Thompson, Alexis A

PY - 2010/7/15

Y1 - 2010/7/15

N2 - Background. Socio-cultural attitudes and perceptions are commonly cited barriers to the recruitment of African-Americans for medical research, yet no studies have examined the factors influencing research participation among individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) or caregivers of children with SCD. Procedure. We distributed a 32-item, self-administered survey to parents or legal guardians of children with SCD over a 6-month period. We used Pearson's chi-square to determine factors associated with a favorable attitude toward research participation and logistic regression to determine independent associations. Results. We collected 151 surveys in this pilot study. In general, 86% of respondents believed more research needed to be done for SCD and 57% would allow their child to participate in a medical research study, corresponding to a favorable attitude. Respondent belief that more research needed to be done for SCD (OR 23.4, 95% CI 4.5-121.9, P=0.001), perception of greater severity of their own child's SCD (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.0-7.1, P=0.041) and prior exposure to research (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.0-10.3, P=0.043) were significantly associated with a favorable attitude, although only the first two remained independent associations in our regression model. Attitude toward research participation was not affected by respondent country of birth. Conclusions. Parents of children with SCD who allow participation in medical research are likely to believe that more research is needed in SCD and that their child's SCD is moderate to severe. Developing effective tools, based on identified knowledge gaps related to clinical research, may improve research participation in this population.

AB - Background. Socio-cultural attitudes and perceptions are commonly cited barriers to the recruitment of African-Americans for medical research, yet no studies have examined the factors influencing research participation among individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) or caregivers of children with SCD. Procedure. We distributed a 32-item, self-administered survey to parents or legal guardians of children with SCD over a 6-month period. We used Pearson's chi-square to determine factors associated with a favorable attitude toward research participation and logistic regression to determine independent associations. Results. We collected 151 surveys in this pilot study. In general, 86% of respondents believed more research needed to be done for SCD and 57% would allow their child to participate in a medical research study, corresponding to a favorable attitude. Respondent belief that more research needed to be done for SCD (OR 23.4, 95% CI 4.5-121.9, P=0.001), perception of greater severity of their own child's SCD (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.0-7.1, P=0.041) and prior exposure to research (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.0-10.3, P=0.043) were significantly associated with a favorable attitude, although only the first two remained independent associations in our regression model. Attitude toward research participation was not affected by respondent country of birth. Conclusions. Parents of children with SCD who allow participation in medical research are likely to believe that more research is needed in SCD and that their child's SCD is moderate to severe. Developing effective tools, based on identified knowledge gaps related to clinical research, may improve research participation in this population.

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