Parenting Desires among Individuals Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the United States

Susan E. Cohn, Lisa B. Haddad, Anandi N. Sheth, Christina Hayford, Joan S. Chmiel, Patrick F. Janulis, Justin Schmandt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In 1988, 1 of 3 women (W) and heterosexual men living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reported wanting children, but little is known about parenting desires of men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. We examined parenting desires among persons initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods. Of 1809 participants in the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) Study 5257, 1425 W aged =45 years or men completed questionnaires about parenting desires at baseline and 96 weeks after initiating ART. Self-reported desires for children in the future (yes/unsure vs no) and associations between baseline sociodemographics and parenting desires at 96 weeks were examined using multivariable logistic regression, overall and within subgroups. Results. The 1425 participants were as follows: 36% white, 39% black, 22% Hispanic; median age 36 (interquartile range, 28-44); 70% MSM, 13% men reported sex only with W (MSW), 17% W. At baseline, 42% may want children in the future (42% MSM, 37% MSW, 43% W); at 96 weeks, 41% may want children (41% MSM, 37% MSW, 43% W). At follow-up, approximately 10% of responses changed in each direction. In multivariable analyses, education greater than high school, <30 years, and having no children were significantly associated with future parenting desires among all subgroups. Among MSM, being black was associated with desiring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberofy232
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018


  • ART
  • HIV
  • parenting
  • reproductive health
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Oncology


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