Parenting With Style: Altruism and Paternalism in Intergenerational Preference Transmission

Matthias Doepke, Fabrizio Zilibotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations


We develop a theory of parent-child relations that rationalizes the choice between alternative parenting styles (as set out in Baumrind, 1967). Parents maximize an objective function that combines Beckerian altruism and paternalism towards children. They can affect their children's choices via two channels: either by influencing children's preferences or by imposing direct restrictions on their choice sets. Different parenting styles (authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive) emerge as equilibrium outcomes and are affected both by parental preferences and by the socioeconomic environment. Parenting style, in turn, feeds back into the children's welfare and economic success. The theory is consistent with the decline of authoritarian parenting observed in industrialized countries and with the greater prevalence of more permissive parenting in countries characterized by low inequality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1371
Number of pages41
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • Family altruism
  • human capital
  • inequality
  • intergenerational preference transmission
  • parenting style
  • paternalism
  • world value survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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