Parents' decision-making for their foetus or neonate with a severe congenital heart defect

Rebecca K. Delaney, Nelangi M. Pinto, Elissa M. Ozanne, Heather Brown, Louisa A. Stark, Melissa H. Watt, Michelle Karasawa, Angira Patel, Mary T. Donofrio, Michelle M. Steltzer, Stephen G. Miller, Susan L. Zickmund, Angela Fagerlin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Parents who receive a diagnosis of a severe, life-threatening CHD for their foetus or neonate face a complex and stressful decision between termination, palliative care, or surgery. Understanding how parents make this initial treatment decision is critical for developing interventions to improve counselling for these families. Methods: We conducted focus groups in four academic medical centres across the United States of America with a purposive sample of parents who chose termination, palliative care, or surgery for their foetus or neonate diagnosed with severe CHD. Results: Ten focus groups were conducted with 56 parents (M age = 34 years; 80% female; 89% White). Results were constructed around three domains: decision-making approaches; values and beliefs; and decision-making challenges. Parents discussed varying approaches to making the decision, ranging from relying on their gut feeling to desiring statistics and probabilities. Religious and spiritual beliefs often guided the decision to not terminate the pregnancy. Quality of life was an important consideration, including how each option would impact the child (e.g., pain or discomfort, cognitive and physical abilities) and their family (e.g., care for other children, marriage, and career). Parents reported inconsistent communication of options by clinicians and challenges related to time constraints for making a decision and difficulty in processing information when distressed. Conclusion: This study offers important insights that can be used to design interventions to improve decision support and family-centred care in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-903
Number of pages8
JournalCardiology in the young
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 19 2022


  • Congenital heart disease
  • counselling
  • decision support
  • decision-making
  • parent
  • qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Parents' decision-making for their foetus or neonate with a severe congenital heart defect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this