Partial maintenance of auditory-based cognitive training benefits in older adults

Samira Anderson, Travis White-Schwoch, Hee Jae Choi, Nina Kraus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The potential for short-term training to improve cognitive and sensory functions in older adults has captured the public's interest. Initial results have been promising. For example, eight weeks of auditory-based cognitive training decreases peak latencies and peak variability in neural responses to speech presented in a background of noise and instills gains in speed of processing, speech-in-noise recognition, and short-term memory in older adults. But while previous studies have demonstrated short-term plasticity in older adults, we must consider the long-term maintenance of training gains. To evaluate training maintenance, we invited participants from an earlier training study to return for follow-up testing six months after the completion of training. We found that improvements in response peak timing to speech in noise and speed of processing were maintained, but the participants did not maintain speech-in-noise recognition or memory gains. Future studies should consider factors that are important for training maintenance, including the nature of the training, compliance with the training schedule, and the need for booster sessions after the completion of primary training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-296
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Aging
  • Auditory plasticity
  • Frequency-following response (FFR)
  • Memory
  • Neural timing
  • Speech-in-noise recognition
  • Temporal processing
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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