Partial neuroprotection by nNOS inhibition during profound asphyxia in preterm fetal sheep

Paul P. Drury, Joanne O. Davidson, Lotte G. van den Heuij, Sidhartha Tan, Richard B. Silverman, Haitao Ji, Arlin B. Blood, Mhoyra Fraser, Laura Bennet, Alistair Jan Gunn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preterm brain injury is partly associated with hypoxia-ischemia starting before birth. Excessive nitric oxide production during HI may cause nitrosative stress, leading to cell membrane and mitochondrial damage. We therefore tested the hypothesis that therapy with a new, selective neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibitor, JI-10 (0.022 mg/kg bolus, n = 8), given 30. min before 25. min of complete umbilical cord occlusion was protective in preterm fetal sheep at 101-104. day gestation (term is 147 days), compared to saline (n = 8). JI-10 had no effect on fetal blood pressure, heart rate, carotid and femoral blood flow, total EEG power, nuchal activity, temperature or intracerebral oxygenation on near-infrared spectroscopy during or after occlusion. JI-10 was associated with later onset of post-asphyxial seizures compared with saline (p < 0.05), and attenuation of the subsequent progressive loss of cytochrome oxidase (p < 0.05). After 7 days recovery, JI-10 was associated with improved neuronal survival in the caudate nucleus (p < 0.05), but not the putamen or hippocampus, and more CNPase positive oligodendrocytes in the periventricular white matter (p < 0.05). In conclusion, prophylactic nNOS inhibition before profound asphyxia was associated with delayed onset of seizures, slower decline of cytochrome oxidase and partial white and gray matter protection, consistent with protection of mitochondrial function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-292
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Asphyxia
  • Brain
  • NNOS
  • Neuroprotection
  • Preterm fetus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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