Partial prevention of monocyte and granulocyte activation in experimental vein grafts by using a biomechanical engineering approach

S. Q. Liu*, M. M. Moore, M. R. Glucksberg, L. F. Mockros, J. B. Grotberg, A. P. Mok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leukocytes interact with endothelial cells and contribute to the development of vascular diseases such as thrombosis and atherosclerosis. These processes are possibly influenced by mechanical factors. This study focused on the role of mechanical stretch in the activation of monocytes and granulocytes in experimental vein grafts. Two models were created by using rats: a nonengineered vein graft with increased tensile stress, which was created by grafting a jugular vein into the abdominal aorta, and an engineered vein graft with reduced tensile stress, which was created by restricting the vein graft into a cylindrical sheath constructed by using fixative-treated intestinal tissue. The density of activated monocytes and granulocytes, which attached to the endothelium, and the distribution of the intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in endothelial cells were examined using immunohistological assays. It was found that, in nonengineered vein grafts, the density of activated monocytes and granulocytes increased significantly compared to that in normal jugular veins at day 1, 5, 10 and 20. At each observation time, the cell density in the proximal region of the nonengineered vein grafts was significantly higher than that in the middle and distal regions, and the cell density in the distal region was significantly higher than that in the middle region. These changes were associated with ICAM-1 clustering at day 1 and 5 and focal ICAM-1 un-regulation at day 10 and 20. In engineered vein grafts, the density of activated monocytes and granulocytes decreased significantly compared to that in nonengineered vein grafts at all observation times, although it was significantly higher than that in normal jugular veins. At each observation time, the cell density in the proximal and distal regions was significantly higher than that in the middle region, but no significant difference was found between the proximal and distal regions. ICAM-1 clustering along endothelial cell borders was found at day 1 and 5, but no apparent focal ICAM-1 up-regulation was found at day 10 and 20. These results suggested that mechanical stretch due to exposure to increased tensile stress contributed to the activation of monocytes and granulocytes in experimental vein grafts, and this event could be partially prevented by reducing tensile stress using a biomechanical engineering approach. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1165-1175
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

Keywords

  • Endothelial cells
  • ICAM-1
  • Intimal hyperplasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Partial prevention of monocyte and granulocyte activation in experimental vein grafts by using a biomechanical engineering approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this