Particulate flow simulations using lubrication theory solution enrichment

Gregory J Wagner*, Sandip Ghosal, Wing K Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


A technique for the numerical simulation of suspensions of particles in fluid based on the extended finite element method (X-FEM) is developed. In this method, the particle surfaces need not conform to the finite element boundaries, so that moving particles can be simulated without remeshing. The finite element basis is enriched with the Stokes flow solution for flow past a single particle and the lubrication theory solution for flow between particles. The latter enrichment allows the simulation of particles that come arbitrarily close together without refining the mesh in the gap between them. Example problems illustrating both types of enrichment are shown, along with a study of a 50% solution in channel flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1289
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 7 2003


  • Enrichment methods
  • Lubrication theory
  • Partition of unity
  • Suspension flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Engineering(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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