Passive accessory joint mobilization in the multimodal management of chronic dysesthesia following thalamic stroke

Kristina Griffin*, Michael O’Hearn, Carla C. Franck, Carol A. Courtney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study design: Case Report. Purpose: Stroke is the most common cause of long-term disability. Dysesthesia, an unpleasant sensory disturbance, is common following thalamic stroke and evidence-based interventions for this impairment are limited. The purpose of this case report was to describe a decrease in dysesthesia following manual therapy intervention in a patient with history of right lacunar thalamic stroke. Case description: A 66-year-old female presented with tingling and dysesthesia in left hemisensory distribution including left trunk and upper/lower extremities, limiting function. Decreased left shoulder active range of motion, positive sensory symptoms but no sensory loss in light touch was found. She denied pain and moderate shoulder muscular weakness was demonstrated. Laterality testing revealed right/left limb discrimination deficits and neglect-like symptoms were reported. Passive accessory joint motion assessment of glenohumeral and thoracic spine revealed hypomobility and provoked dysesthesia. Interventions included passive oscillatory joint mobilization of glenohumeral joint, thoracic spine, ribs and shoulder strengthening. Results: After six sessions, shoulder function, active range of motion, strength improved and dysesthesia decreased. Global Rating of Change Scale was +5 and QuickDASH score decreased from 45% to 22% disability. Laterality testing was unchanged. Conclusion: Manual therapy may be a beneficial intervention in management of thalamic stroke-related dysesthesia.Implications for RehabilitationWhile pain is common following thalamic stroke, patients may present with chronic paresthesia or dysesthesia, often in a hemisensory distribution.Passive movement may promote inhibition of hyperexcitable cortical pathways, which may diminish aberrant sensations.Passive oscillatory manual therapy may be an effective way to treat sensory disturbances such as paresthesias or dysesthesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 16 2018

Keywords

  • Manual therapy
  • central post-stroke pain
  • quantitative sensory testing
  • somatosensation
  • stroke rehabilitation
  • thalamic pain syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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