Excellent outcomes for patients with Wilms' tumour (WT), >90% for all stages together, have been achieved through researching WT in multicentre and multinational trials and studies in the last 50 years, led by two major groups—the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) and the Children's Oncology Group (COG) (previously the National Wilms' Tumour Study Group). Despite the two groups having different approaches, the survival outcomes are remarkably similar. In general, in the SIOP approach, which is followed in Europe and most other countries around the world, patients are first treated with preoperative chemotherapy; this is followed by surgery and, if necessary, postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In the COG approach, which is mainly followed in North America, patients are treated with upfront surgery, followed, if necessary, by postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In both groups, postoperative treatment primarily depends on tumour histological classification and stage, although, in recent studies, other prognostic factors have also been included (tumour volume, response to preoperative chemotherapy, and molecular markers). Owing to separate initial treatments, there are differences in histological assessment and subtyping of WT, and, more importantly, in staging criteria. In this review, we discuss the similarities and differences between the two groups in order to help pathologists who are dealing with WT to understand and follow the pathological protocol that is appropriate for a particular case, because, in many centres, both approaches may be followed, depending on individual case/patient circumstances.
- Wilms' tumour
- staging criteria
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine