Patient-Based Approaches to Understanding Intelligence and Problem-Solving

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


One of the major achievements of psychology in the twentieth century is the establishment and implementation of standard measures of human intelligence. The use of these measures yielded a large body of research as well as many controversies and criticisms (for review see Nisbett et al., 2012). The relatively recent development of structural and functional brain imaging techniques led to attempts to identify the neural correlates of intelligence, as well as to the use of intelligence testing as a diagnostic and prognostic factor within clinical populations. Different syndromes are characterized by a unique pattern of performance on standard intelligence tests, with specific profiles reported for patients with developmental disorders (e.g., Down syndrome, autism spectrum disorder), for neurological and neurodegenerative disorders (e.g., epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease), and for acute neurological trauma (e.g., traumatic brain injury and stroke. See Hamburg et al., 2019; Wechsler, 2008a). In this chapter, we will highlight the clinical implications of studying intelligence in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI), which has been a central research interest for our group over the years. When appropriate, we will also provide additional examples referring to other clinical populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781108635462
ISBN (Print)9781108480543
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Social Sciences
  • General Neuroscience


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