Patient-centered outcomes following laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

Michael B. Ujiki*, Matthew E. Gitelis, Joann Carbray, Brittany Lapin, John Linn, Steven Haggerty, Chi Wang, Ryota Tanaka, Ermilo Barrera, Zeeshan Butt, Woody Denham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Background: Inguinal hernia repair is the most common surgery in the world. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes are arguably the most important elements of successful repair. This study is aimed to describe short- and long-term quality of life outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Methods: We prospectively followed patients who underwent totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TEP) as part of an Institutional Review Board-approved study. HRQOL was measured preoperatively, or 3 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively using Short Form 36 Health Survey Version 2 (SF-36v2) and Carolinas Comfort Scale. Postoperative HRQOL scores were compared to baseline using paired t tests. Results: Between June 2009 and February 2014, 1,175 patients underwent TEP by four surgeons. Of those, 301 patients with 388 hernias were registered in the database and followed by a research coordinator. Mean age was 56.4 ± 15.2 years and 93 % were male. Mean body mass index was 26.1 ± 3.7 kg/m2. Seventy-eight percent presented with pain, the majority of which were described as mild. Hernias were unilateral right-sided in 43 %, left-sided in 28 %, and bilateral in 29 %. Eighty-five percent were primary hernias. Average operative time was 43.5 ± 17.9 min and there were no intraoperative complications. Urinary retention occurred in 6 %. Visual analog scale at discharge was 1.9 ± 1.7. Analgesics were used an average of 2.5 ± 3.4 days and return to activities of daily living and work occurred on postoperative 5.5 ± 4.4 and 5.6 ± 3.9 days. Recurrence occurred in 2.1 %. Significant improvements between baseline and 1 year were found in role limitations due to physical health (81.5 ± 25.6 vs. 91.8 ± 19.4, p = 0.02), social functioning (87.4 ± 21.3 vs. 92.9 ± 15.3, p = 0.02), and pain (78.2 ± 19.7 vs. 86.6 ± 15.9, p = 0.007). Conclusions: TEP results in significant improvement in HRQOL including physical health, social functioning, and pain at 1 year. On average, patients are able to return to activities of daily living and work within a week.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2512-2519
Number of pages8
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 21 2015


  • Hernia
  • Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair
  • Patient-centered outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • TEP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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