Patient experiences after hospitalizations for elective surgery

Keiki Hinami*, Karl Y. Bilimoria, Peter G. Kallas, Yael M. Simons, Nicholas P. Christensen, Mark V. Williams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Little is known from patients' perspective about the quality of postdischarge care and the causes of rehospitalization after elective surgery. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted. RESULTS: Of 400 patient participants, 374 completed the 30-day follow-up questionnaire (completion rate, 94%). Half of all unplanned rehospitalizations (experienced by 13% of patients) and nonrehospitalization emergency department visits (experienced by 6%) occurred within 10 days of discharge. Patients used emergency departments and were rehospitalized at facilities near their homes (mean distance traveled, 12.1 mi). The most common primary reason for rehospitalization was postoperative complications, according to patient report, clinical records, and administrative data. Poor perceived care coordination was associated with higher readmission risk. CONCLUSIONS: Patients perceive surgical complications as dominating the reasons for rehospitalizations after elective surgery. Strategies to improve care quality around elective surgery at referral centers should target the discharge process and the coordinated management of postoperative complications through care received at regional hospitals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)855-862
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume207
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Care coordination
  • Patient-centered outcomes
  • Rehospitalization
  • Surgical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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