Patisiran, an RNAi therapeutic for the treatment of hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis

Arnt V. Kristen, Senda Ajroud-Driss, Isabel Conceição, Peter Gorevic, Theodoros Kyriakides, Laura Obici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis is a rapidly progressive, heterogeneous disease caused by the accumulation of misfolded transthyretin protein as amyloid fibrils at multiple sites, and is characterized by peripheral sensorimotor neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy and/or cardiomyopathy. Current treatment options have limited efficacy and often do not prevent disease progression. Patisiran is a novel RNA interference therapeutic that specifically reduces production of both wild-type and mutant transthyretin protein. In Phase II, III and long-term extension studies in patients with hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis, patisiran has consistently slowed or improved progression of neuropathy. In addition, the Phase III trial demonstrated significant improvements in quality of life measures and indicators of cardiomyopathy. Here, we highlight efficacy and safety data from the patisiran clinical trial programme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-23
Number of pages19
JournalNeurodegenerative disease management
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • cardiomyopathy
  • clinical trials
  • disease-modifying therapy
  • hATTR amyloidosis
  • patisiran
  • polyneuropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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