Patterns and correlates of supervision in child pedestrian injury

Karen E. Wills*, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, John V. Lavigne, Robert R. Tanz, Joseph L. Schofer, Mark Donovan, Kristin Kalangis, P. McGuire, B. White, M. Barthel, S. LeBailly, C. Klinger, F. Buergo, K. Stewart, N. Shawver, J. Jenq

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Described supervision in 142 child pedestrian injuries (PI), based on presence and proximity of supervisors and/or peers. Children (5-12 years), families, sites, and PI events were described via record reviews, interviews, questionnaires, and site investigation. Supervision of PI victims varied with family size and cohesion, and with children's age, self-help skills, nearness to home, and activity (playing or journey). Peer presence was associated with more impulsive behavior among supervised (but not among unsupervised) PI victims. Definitions of supervision parameters offered here can aid research on the complex relationship between supervision and PI risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-104
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1997


  • children
  • injury prevention
  • parenting
  • pedestrian
  • supervision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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