Patterns of failure following high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation with involved field radiotherapy for relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's disease

Arno J. Mundt*, Gregory Sibley, Stephanie Williams, Dennis Hallahan, Jaishanker Nautiyal, Ralph R. Weichselbaum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the patterns of failure and outcome of patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation for relapse/refractory Hodgkin's disease with emphasis on the impact of involved-field radiotherapy. Method and Materials: Fifty-four adult patients with refractory (25) or relapsed (29) Hodgkin's disease underwent high-dose chemotherapy with either autologous bone marrow (32) or peripheral stem cell (23) transplantation. Twenty patients received involved-field radiotherapy either prior to (7) or following (13) high-dose chemotherapy. Patients treated prior to the high-dose chemotherapy received radiation to bulky or symptomatic sites, and those treated following the transplantation were treated to sites of disease persistence (10) or to consolidate to complete response (3). Twenty-six patients had purely nodal disease, 10 had involvement, 7 liver, 5 bone, and 3 bone marrow. A total of 147 sites were present prior to high-dose chemotherapy. Nineteen were bulky (≥ 5 cm), and 42 arose in a previous radioatherapy field. Results: Twenty-five of the 54 patients treated with involved-field radiotherapy had a lower rate of relapse in sites of prior disease involvement (26.3 vs 42.8%) (p < 0.05) than those not treated with radiotherapy. Twenty-one patients had disease persistence following high-dose chemotherapy, of which 10 received involved-field radiotherapy and were converted to a complete response. Patients with disease persistence who received involved-field radiotherapy had a better progression-free survival (40.0 vs. 12.1%) (p = 0.04) than those who did not. Moreover, the patients converted to a complete response had similar progression-free and cause-specific survival as those patients achieving a complete response with hight-dose chemotherapy alone. Of the initial 147 sites, 143 (97.3%) were amenable to involved-field radiation therapy. The addition of involved-field radiotherapy improvement the 5-year local control of all sites (p = 0.008), nodal sites (p = 0.01), and sites of disease persistence (p = 0.0009). Conclusions: Patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's disease undergoing high-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow rescue have a high rate of relapse in sites of prior disease involvement. Involved-field radiotherapy is capable of improving the control of these sites, the majority of which are amenable to radio therapy. In addition, the use of radiotherapy to sites of disease persistence following high-dose chemotherapy may improve the outcome of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autologous bone marrow transplantation
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Involved-field radiation therapy
  • Relapsed/refractory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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