Pb17O8Cl18: A Promising IR Nonlinear Optical Material with Large Laser Damage Threshold Synthesized in an Open System

Hui Zhang, Min Zhang*, Shilie Pan, Xiaoyu Dong, Zhihua Yang, Xueling Hou, Zheng Wang, Kelvin B. Chang, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mid-IR nonlinear optical (NLO) materials are of great importance in modern laser frequency conversion technology and optical parametric oscillator processes. However, the commercially available IR NLO crystals (e.g., AgGaQ2 (Q = S, Se) and ZnGeP2) suffer from two obstacles, low laser damage thresholds (LDTs) and the difficulty of obtaining high-quality crystals, both of which seriously hinder their applications. The introduction of Cl, an element with a large electronegativity, and Pb, a relatively heavy element to promote the optical properties, affords an oxide-based IR NLO material, Pb17O8Cl18 (POC). High-quality POC single crystals with sizes of up to 7 mm × 2 mm × 2 mm have been grown in an open system. Additionally, POC exhibits a large LDT of 408 MW/cm2, 12.8 times that of AgGaS2. POC also exhibits an excellent second harmonic generation response: 2 times that of AgGaS2, the benchmark IR NLO crystal at 2090 nm, and 4 times that of KDP, the standard UV NLO crystal at 1064 nm. Thus, we believe that POC is a promising IR NLO material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8360-8363
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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