To review the current literature regarding the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED), and the role of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors for the treatment of LUTS. Review of recently published (1990-2009) data regarding epidemiologic and pathophysiologic mechanisms are involved in LUTS-ED, focusing on PDE5 inhibitors particularly evidenced from level 1 clinical trials. Search terms included phosphodiesterase inhibitors, nitric oxide, autonomic hyperactivity, Rho-kinase, atherosclerosis, LUTS, benign prostatic hypertrophy, and ED. Results of several epidemiologic studies show a possible causal relationship between LUTS and ED. Four possible mechanisms have been proposed to explain this association. Multiple large clinical trials have shown a benefit in LUTS after PDE5-inhibitors treatment. PDE5 inhibitors show promise as a future treatment for LUTS, either in conjunction with existing therapies or as a primary treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research