PDGF-BB modulates endothelial proliferation and angiogenesis in vitro via PDGF β-receptors

Edouard J. Battegay*, Joachim Rupp, Luisa Iruela-Arispe, E. Helene Sage, Michael Pech

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

299 Scopus citations

Abstract

To delineate potential angiogenic roles of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), we have investigated PDGF and its receptors on bovine aortic endothelial cells that exhibit spontaneous angiogenesis in vitro (angiogenic endothelial cells). Initiation of cord/tube formation by angiogenic endothelial cells required bovine or human serum. Neutralization of PDGF-BB in human serum with a monoclonal anti-PDGF-BB antibody reduced cord/tube formation by 37 ± 10%, whereas neutralizing anti-PDGF-AA and an IgG isotype- matched control antibody had no effect. DNA synthesis in response to PDGF-BB increased as the cords and tubes developed; furthermore, PDGF-BB induced the incorporation of BrdU in the nuclei of cells associated with these structures. PDGF β-receptor (PDGFR-β) mRNA increased concomitantly with cord/tube formation, and PDGFR-β were specifically localized by immunocytochemistry to developing and mature cords and tubes. However, PDGFR- β transcripts and protein were undetectable in nonangiogenic endothelial cells, and PDGF α-receptor mRNA was not expressed in either endothelial cell strain. In contrast to nonangiogenic endothelial cells, angiogenic endothelial cells did not express the PDGF B-chain, the required ligand for the PDGFR-β. We conclude that (a) PDGF-BB can contribute to angiogenesis in vitro, (b) PDGFR-β are specific for cord/tube-forming endothelial cells and mediate endothelial proliferation and cord/tube formation, and (c) in angiogenic and nonangiogenic endothelial cells, the expression of PDGFR-β and PDGF B-chain is inversely correlated. We therefore suggest that paracrine PDGF might amplify angiogenesis via direct action on endothelially expressed PDGFR-β.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-928
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume125
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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