Pediatric Eyelid and Canalicular Lacerations: Epidemiology and Outcomes

Jonathan Huang, Jennifer Rossen, Bahram Rahmani, Rebecca Mets-Halgrimson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To characterize the epidemiology of eyelid lacerations, identify risk factors for canalicular involvement, and describe postoperative complications following laceration repair. Methods: All patients undergoing eyelid laceration repair at a tertiary care, level I trauma center children’s hospital from November 2010 to April 2021 were identified by a Current Procedural Terminology code search. Patient characteristics, surgical characteristics, and surgical outcomes were collected via chart review. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were performed to identify risk factors for canalicular involvement and postoperative complication. Results: A total of 165 patients were identified, of whom 136 had at least 1 week of follow-up and were further assessed for postoperative complications. The most common mechanisms of injury were dog bites (62, 38%), falls (33, 20%), and being struck by an object (22, 13%). Eyelid margin involvement was present in 108 patients (65%) and canalicular involvement in 77 patients (47%). Risk factors for canalicular involvement were hook-related injury, eyelid margin involvement, and lower eyelid injury. Thirty-three patients (24%) had postoperative complications, most commonly ptosis (7, 5%), premature stent loss (7, 5%), and eyelid margin notching (6, 4%). There was no association between postoperative complication and antibiotic use, delayed repair, or wound class. Conclusions: Hook-related injury, eyelid margin involvement, and lower eyelid injury are risk factors for canalicular involvement. Postoperative complications of eyelid lacerations are generally minor and are not associated with perioperative factors. Close postoperative follow-up is needed to monitor for complication development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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